Implants are artificial tooth roots that are designed to replace the missing teeth in the mouth with new teeth. In implants, material made of titanium or titanium compounds is used. The titanium compound does not interact with the tissues of the human body, but is resistant to external forces. Implants are filled in by replacing the previously lost teeth. If there is no significant infectious condition, the implant is replaced with the extracted tooth.
The purpose of the implants is to make new teeth that can be used instead of missing teeth. If the prepared material has sufficient bone tissue and density, it is placed in the cavity. If the tissue and density are not sufficient, the implant is applied after the necessary procedures for the formation of new bone. Dentists are always in favor of replacing lost teeth with a new tooth. In some cases, the implants are placed intermittently and a bridge prosthesis is applied to hold them. How many implants will be made into the cavities will be determined as a result of the examination and examination of the dentist.
People with sufficient bone tissue are now implanted even if there are no teeth in the mouth. If there is no bone tissue, this process is performed by creating artificial bone. With the help of implants, people can get rid of the removable prosthesis which is commonly known as “palate arasında. Especially for a toothless lower jaw, it is quite difficult to use the palate. The removable prostheses are constantly moving and strokes occur because the lower jaw moves continuously while eating, talking, chewing. These problems are solved by implant application.
The removable prostheses made for the retention of the upper jaw cause problems such as nausea in people. In such a case, fixed or removable implant supported prostheses are made and patient comfort is provided.
Implantation of the lost tooth or implant with the replacement of new teeth is important for chewing health and the function of the surrounding teeth. The implants are in the form of a natural tooth and perform the functions of the natural tooth. Aesthetically, the desired image is obtained. Implants also eliminate the deformations caused by the cavities.
If one or more teeth are missing, the conventional bridge is cut and the teeth behind and in front of the missing tooth are cut or reduced. This means loss of teeth and bone. There is no need to cut teeth in implant application.
Implant application is a successful treatment for almost every patient. However, there are some exceptions that cannot be implanted. The person’s bone structure must have sufficient thickness, height and quality to accommodate the implant.
There are some reasons why people do not have enough bone tissue. They may be genetic or may be due to inflammation of the teeth and gums. Inflammation causes a decrease in bone tissue and dissolution. If an inflamed tooth is to be extracted, the extraction process should be done immediately to reduce bone loss.
There is no case that the human body does not accept the implant. The material used in the implants has no side effects to human health. However, patients with allergic reactions may not be implanted.
- Cardiovascular and diabetes diseases that prevent dental healing
- Young people with incomplete bone development
- Pregnant women
- Many smokers
- Drug and alcohol addicts
- Patients who received high levels of radiotherapy to the head and neck
- Patients with hypertension, connective tissue, immune system and hemophilia
- People using the immune system or corticosteroid drug
In the first dentist examination of the implant application, it is determined whether the region with tooth deficiency is suitable for this application. In addition to the oral examination, the physician receives information about the general health of the patient. Radiography or tomography of the implant site is taken. It is decided which type of implant to make.
Imaging is important before implantation. Tomography, the three-dimensional imaging method, the state of the bones can be seen clearly.
Today, implant application is easy and painless. A slot is formed in the bone where the implant will be placed. The implant placed in this housing is fixed with screws attached during the healing process.
The implant should be fused to the jawbone for efficient use. Boiling time varies depending on the type of operation, the location of the implant, the health status and age of the patient. After the operation, it is necessary to wait at least 5 weeks for the construction of permanent dentures. This period may take up to 3 months.
Implant application without suturing and cutting the gum is called a seamless implant. In this application, soft tissues cannot be damaged. Therefore, recovery occurs more quickly.
Implant applications are surgical procedures. The duration of surgery varies depending on the area where the implant will be applied and how many implants will be made.
Local anesthesia is used in the surgical procedures performed during implantation, so there is no pain. In laser-assisted procedures, the swelling and pain after treatment is minimal.
If implant is not applied to a very large area, patients usually return to their daily lives the next day.
In accordance with the advice of the dentist, cold is applied at certain intervals to prevent swelling and edema. It is also important in this period to use the medications to be given by the physician regularly and to have laser applications that contribute to the healing, if necessary. Oral care and physician controls should also be considered.
During a few days following implant surgery, very hot, very cold and hard foods are avoided. High nutritional value and soft foods are consumed.
The implanted persons continue daily oral and dental care they apply to their natural teeth. Use of mouthwash, dental floss and interface brush should also be used.
The process of applying the implant in the same session immediately after the tooth is extracted is called “immediate implant.. This technique is preferred if suitable conditions exist.
The density, thickness and height of the bone in the area where the implant will be applied are important. When bone structure is not suitable, different techniques are used to increase the amount. Bone grafts are applied. In this process, block grafting of the upper and lower jaw, sinus fiber; vertical and horizontal bone formation is applied to the lower jaw.
The dentist decides what kind of temporary prosthesis will be made according to the number of missing teeth. In case of a large number of teeth, removable dentures or fixed dentures are used. In case of no teeth, Fast & Fixed technique is applied.
In case of missing bones in the posterior regions, the implants are placed at an angle with the Fast & Fixed technique. With this method, there is no need for surgery and fixed prosthesis can be performed. The same technique allows the implant to be made on the day the tooth is pulled out.
The patient’s attention to daily oral and dental care is the determinant of the life of the implants. In addition, like all other patients, those who use implants should have regular dental checkups every 6 months.
Implant materials are produced with advanced technology and the materials are imported. Therefore, it is more expensive than classical materials.
Another disadvantage of the implant is that the implant is expected to boil to the bone in order to make the prosthesis. Therefore, treatment takes longer than other treatment methods.
Bone resorption disease in the body and bone resorption in the mouth are different health problems.
People who use an implant can have a CT scan of the head and neck. Implants can only reflect light to very close areas. This may result in reduced image quality on the tomography.
As a result of the researches, 98% success was achieved in root implanted implants. In bridge prostheses, this rate is 60 percent in 10 years. Failure of the implants usually occurs within the first year after the implantation.
Failure in implant treatment depends on the patient’s smoking, oral hygiene, healing potential, the presence of systematic diseases such as diabetes, the brand of the implant, and the success of the dentist in surgery.
As with any surgical intervention, there is a risk of complications in implant surgery. Infection, bleeding, nerve and sinus injuries are some of them. Tomography, the implant system used and the dentist’s experience have a positive effect on minimizing complications.
Titanium material used in implant application is 99.9 percent pure. Therefore, inspection costs are also high. Whether the price of the implant is cheap or expensive depends on the material to be used, its brand and the auxiliary materials used in surgery.
When choosing the implant brand, brands that attach importance to R & D studies, proven success, have no problems in technical support and offer enough options in the prosthesis superstructure should be selected.
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We came at night because we know that the dental clinic is open 24/7. I had a complaint of excessive toothache. Quickly x-rayed and checked. Although my home is an hour away, I always prefer to have a dental office for the following processes.