Oral and Dental Health in Infants
PEDODONTICS / Oral and Dental Health in Infants
It is best to start cleaning as soon as babies have their first teeth out. Babies’ teeth are cleaned with gauze or a soft toothbrush. After the baby is breastfed, the teeth and gums are wiped or brushed with gauze. To soften the toothbrush can be soaked in warm water before brushing.
Parents and caregivers should first take care of their oral care. Otherwise, it affects the oral health of babies and children. The bacteria that cause caries are located in the mouth. Precautions should be taken to prevent them from spreading to the child.
Using the same spoon to taste the food to be given to babies, blowing to cool the food causes the bacteria to spread to the baby. Particular attention should be paid to this from the 18th month, when the infants begin to rub their teeth.
On the other hand, babies’ mouths and teeth should be checked frequently and any staining of the teeth should be monitored.
Disorders of sleep patterns and disorder
Restlessness and moodiness
Don’t put everything in your mouth
Disorder in eating habits and order
Finger massage can be applied to the baby’s gums with a clean cloth. Excessive pressure in this process will damage the gum, so be careful.
Hard foods such as carrots are put into the fruit net. It is given to the baby. Thus, it is provided to scratch the gums and absorb the carrot juice.
Chilled gum scratchers, which are filled with liquid, can be given to the baby.
Ointments and gels recommended by the doctor may be used.
Medications containing paracetamol may be used for insomnia and restlessness in consultation with a doctor.
In children with fever, if the flu occurs, a pediatrician should be consulted immediately.
When the babies are born, their milk teeth remain shaped under the gums. Milk teeth begin to emerge in infants of six months. The timing of the first deciduous teeth may change in each baby. Generally, the front teeth in the lower jaw are first, followed by the four front teeth in the upper jaw. Then two of the lower teeth come out. After this process, other teeth in the mouth of the babies begin to take their place. When babies are 24 months old, they should have a total of 20 teeth in their mouths.
The incisors are removed from 6 to 12 months and fall at the age of 6 to 7 years.
The lateral incisors grow between 9 and 16 months and fall at the age of 7-8.
The canine teeth appear in infants between 17 and 24 months and fall between 9 and 12 years of age.
The first molar teeth grow between 12 and 19 months and fall between 9 and 11 years of age.
The second molar teeth grow between 23 and 33 months and fall between 10 and 12 years of age.
Foods are more carcinogenic than breast milk. This means that it is more likely to cause caries.
Bottle caries, which is a common type of caries, commonly seen in the anterior teeth of infants, spread rapidly to other teeth, is caused by breastfeeding or sleeping with the bottle. It is not the bottle that makes the caries. It is caused by sugar, honey and molasses, and breast milk. It is not appropriate for these foods to come into contact with the baby’s teeth during the night.
Teeth decay in baby bottle decay. Table can go up to root canal treatment or tooth extraction
Babies should not be put to sleep with foods containing sugar and breast milk.
Bottles should be left for up to 24 months in infants to consult a doctor.
During the day, babies should only be given water in the bottle for comfort.
False pacifiers should not be dipped into sugar or sweet foods.
Extra sugar should not be added to infants’ meals.
The baby’s teeth and gums should be cleaned with a wet cloth or brush.
After the first tooth comes out, the baby should be taken to the dentist for control.
Drinks from 1 year of age should be given to babies with glasses.
The baby should be provided with enough fluoride.
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